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Frequently Asked Questions

Isn’t this basically React/Elm?

React and the Elm architecture were both strong influences for this library. However both those libraries are written for JavaScript. Workflows are written in and for both Kotlin and Swift, making use of features of those languages, and with usability from those languages as a major design goal. There are also a few architectural differences:

React Elm Workflow
Modularity Component TK Workflow is analogous to React’s Component
State Each Component has a state property that is read directly and updated via a setState method. State is called Model in Elm. Workflows have an associated state type. The state can only be updated when the props change, or with a WorkflowAction.
Views Components have a render method that returns a tree of elements. Elm applications have a view function that returns a tree of elements. Since workflows are not tied to any particular UI view layer, they can have an arbitrary rendering type. The render() method returns this type.
Dependencies React allows parent components to pass “props” down to their children. TK In Swift, Workflows are often structs that need to be initialized with their dependencies and configuration data from their parent. In Kotlin, they have a separate type parameter (PropsT) that is always passed down from the parent. Workflow instances can also inject dependencies, and play nicely with dependency injection frameworks.
Composability TK TK TK
Event Handling TK TK TK

How is this different than MvRx?

Besides being very Android and Rx specific, MvRx solves view modeling problems only per screen. Workflow was mainly inspired by the need to manage and compose navigation in apps with dozens or hundreds of screens.

How do I get involved and/or contribute?

This seems clever. Can I stick with a traditional development approach?

Of course! Workflow was designed to make complex application architecture predictable and safe for large development teams. We’re confident that it brings benefits even to smaller projects, but there is never only one right way to build software. We recommend to follow good practices and use an architecture that makes sense for your project.

Why do we need another architecture?

Architectural patterns with weak access controls and heavy use of shared mutable state make it incredibly difficult to fully understand the behavior of the code that we are writing. This quickly devolves into an arms race as the codebase grows: if every feature or component in the codebase might change anything at any time, bug fixes turn into a really sad game of whack-a-mole.

We have seen this pattern occur repeatedly in traditional mobile applications using patterns like MVC.

Workflow defines strong boundaries and contracts between separate parts of the application to ensure that our code remains predictable and maintainable as the size and complexity of the codebase grows.